Adults are 33 to 36 cm long. They have long pink legs, and are blackish above and white below, with a white head and neck with a varying amount of black. Males have a black back, with a greenish gloss. Females’ backs have a brown hue, contrasting with the black remiges. Females tend to have less black on head and neck all year round, while males often have more, particularly in summer and males get all-white heads in winter.
Habitat and Distribution
The breeding habitat is marshes, shallow lakes and ponds. The birds are migratory and move to the ocean coasts in winter; those in warmer regions are generally resident. In Europe, the Black-winged Stilt is a regular spring overshoot vagrant north of its normal range, occasionally remaining to breed in northern European countries.
Black – winged Stilts pick up their food from sand and water, they mainly eat insects and crustaceans.
The nest site is a bare spot on the ground near water. These birds often nest in small groups, sometimes with avocets.
Calls and Songs