Ioras have a pointed and notched beak with straight culmen. The Common Iora males in the breeding season have a black cap and back , also a black wing and tail at all seasons. Females have greenish wings and an olive tail. Both sexes are yellow in color on their underparts and the male has two white bars on the wings.The males in breeding plumage have a variable distribution of black on the upperparts and can be confused with Marshall’s Iora, however, the latter always has white tips to the tail.
Habitat and Distribution
The Common Iora is a small bird found across the tropical Indian Subcontinent with populations showing plumage variations.
They forage in trees in small groups, gleaning among the branches for insects. They sometimes join mixed species feeding flocks.
Two to four greenish white eggs are laid in a small and compact cup-shaped nest made out of grass and bound with cobwebs and placed in the fork of a tree. Both male and female incubate and eggs hatch after about 14 days.
Calls and Songs
The call is a mixture of churrs, chattering and whistles, and the song is a trilled wheeeee-tee. They may sometimes imitate the calls of other birds such as drongos.