The Common Myna is readily identified by the brown body, black hooded head and the bare yellow patch behind the eye. The bill and legs are bright yellow. There is a white patch on the outer primaries and the wing lining on the underside is white. The sexes are similar and birds are usually seen in pairs. The Common Myna from northwest India tend to be paler than their darker counterparts in South India.
Habitat and Distribution
The Common Myna is native to Asia with its initial home range spanning in most of Asia. It has also been introduced in other parts of the world such as Canada, Australia, Israel, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Hawaii, South Africa, also the islands in the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. They breed from sea-level to 3000 m in the Himalayas. It is typically found in open woodland, cultivation and around habitation and also thrives in urban and suburban environments.
It is mainly omnivorous eating insects, arachnids, crustaceans, reptiles, small mammals, also seeds, grain, fruits and discarded waste from human habitation. It forages on grass for insects,especially grasshoppers.
Common Mynas are believed to pair for life. They breed through much of the year depending on the location, building their nest in a hole in a tree or wall. The normal clutch size is 4 to 6 eggs with incubation taking 17 or 18 days.
Calls and Songs
The calls includes croaks, squawks, chirps, clicks, whistles and ‘growls’, and the bird often fluffs its feathers and bobs its head in singing.