There are many colour forms of the male Common Pheasant, ranging in colour from nearly white to almost black. The adult male of the nominate subspecies is 60-89 cm (24-35 in) in length with a long brown streaked black tail. The body plumage is barred bright gold and brown plumage with green, purple and white markings. The head is bottle green with a small crest and distinctive red wattle. The female has a duller mottled brown plumage all over and measuring 50-63 cm (20-25 in) long. Juvenile birds have the appearance of the female with a shorter tail.
Habitat and Distribution
It is a well-known gamebird, the most widespread and ancient one in the whole world. The Common Pheasant is one of the world’s most hunted birds. It has been introduced for that purpose to many regions, It is commercially bred in game farms. They are native to Asia, their range extending from the Black and Caspian Seas to Manchuria, Siberia, Korea, Mainland China and Taiwan. The birds are found in woodland, farmland, scrub, and wetlands. In its natural habitat the bird lives in grassland near water.
They eat animal and vegetable type-food, like fruit, seeds and leaves as well as invertebrates, small vertebrates like snakes, lizards, small mammals, and birds occasionally taken. They feed solely on the ground.
Common Pheasants nest on the ground, producing a clutch of around ten eggs over a two-three week period in April to June. The incubation period is about 23-26 days. The chicks stay near the hen for several weeks after hatching but grow quickly, resembling adults by only 15 weeks of age.
Calls and Songs
They give a kok kok kok alarm call.