Feral pigeons, also called city doves, city pigeons, or street pigeons, are derived from domestic pigeons that have returned to the wild. The domestic pigeon was originally bred from the wild Rock Dove, which naturally inhabits sea-cliffs and mountains. Rock (i.e., ‘wild’), domestic, and feral pigeons are all the same species and will readily interbreed.
Habitat and Distribution
Feral pigeons find the ledges of buildings to be a substitute for sea cliffs. They have become adapted to urban life, and are abundant in towns and cities throughout much of the world.
Feral pigeons can be seen eating grass seeds and berries in parks and gardens in the spring, but there are plentiful sources throughout the year from scavenging (e.g.,left overs inside fast-food cartons). They also take insects and spiders.
Feral pigeons breed when the food supply is abundant enough to support embryonic egg development, which in cities can be any time of the year. Laying of eggs can take place up to six times per year. Both parents participate in the incubation process of the eggs.
Calls and Songs