Malabar Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros griseus) | Avelgood Apps

The Malabar Grey Hornbill is a large bird and mid-sized hornbill, at 45 to 58 cm (18 to 23 in) in length with a 23 cm (9.1 in) tail. Males have a reddish bill with a yellow tip while the females have a plain yellow bill with black at the base. They have a broad whittish band above the eye. Wings are brown-grey, a white carpal patch and black primary flight feathers are tipped with white.The Malabar Grey Hornbill has a grey back, and a cinnamon vent. The long tail is blackish with a white tip, and the underparts are grey with white streaks. The long curved bill has no casque.Immature birds have browner upperparts , yellow bill and dull white iris.

Habitat and Distribution

The Malabar Grey Hornbill is a common resident breeder in the Western Ghats and associated hills of southern India. They are mainly found in dense forest habitats and the thinner dry forest habitat of the plains is typically occupied by the Indian Grey Hornbill. They are found mainly in dense forest and around rubber, arecanut or coffee plantations.

Feeding

This bird feeds on figs and other forest fruits and is thus an important seed dispersal agent. They also eat small invertebrates and in captivity will readily take meat.

Breeding

The breeding season is January to May. The species is incapable of excavating their own nest so they find trees with large cavities use that one nest year after year. Three to four white eggs are laid. It is the male who brings food for the female and the nestlings.

Calls and Songs

Their loud calls are distinctive and include hysterical cackling, laughing and screeching calls.

Credit: Wikipedia