Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) | Avelgood Apps

The Purple Heron is a large bird, 78 to 97 cm (31 to 38 in) in length with a standing height from to 70 to 94 cm (28 to 37 in) and a 120 to 152 cm (47 to 60 in) wingspan. However, it is slender for its size, weighing only 0.5 to 1.35 kg. It is smaller than the Grey Heron, from which it can be distinguished by its darker reddish-brown plumage, and, in adults, darker grey back. It has a narrower yellow bill, which is brighter in breeding adults. The most similarly-colored heron is the Goliath Heron, which is considerably larger.

Habitat and Distribution

The Purple Heron breeds in Africa, central and southern Europe, and southern and eastern Asia. The European populations are migratory, wintering in tropical Africa; the more northerly Asian populations also migrate further south within Asia. It is a rare but regular wanderer north of its breeding range. breeds in colonies in reed beds or trees close to large lakes or other extensive wetlands.


It feeds in shallow water, spearing fish, frogs, insects and small mammals. It will often wait motionless for prey, or slowly stalk its victim.


The bird builds a bulky stick nest.

Calls and Songs

The call of the Purple Heron is a loud croaking krek.

Credit: Wikipedia